In the last few days, many strange incidents happened in the country and abroad. Somewhere there were terrible rains and floods, somewhere there was a terrible drought, and somewhere volcanoes and sea storms wreaked havoc. All these things are happening due to climate change i.e. global warming.
20-30 years ago the change of seasons in the earth used to happen with time but today it is not so. The rainy season now neither comes on time nor does it rain on time. Neither the cold weather nor the summer season is regular. where it was cold. It’s too cold over there. And where it was cold. There it is less cold.
Behind all these, there is only one thing which is most important is the reduction of trees. And that is why in this article we will talk about what is the cause of global warming and its consequences.
The increase in the average surface temperature of the earth due to greenhouse gas is called global warming. The problem of global warming is mainly due to too much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which does not allow the heat to go out from our atmosphere. It is like a blanket in which all the heat gets trapped inside and cannot escape from the earth.
When we burn fossil fuels like oil, coal, natural gas, burn forests to do agriculture, it produces a lot of carbon dioxide which covers the surface of the earth like a sheet layer and heats up. She remains imprisoned inside. In the coming time, climate change will be different according to the place. Its change will cause the sea levels to rise and deserts will spread.
What is Climate Change?
We feel cold in winter and hot in summer. All this happens due to the natural change in the weather. The elements that decide this season are rain, sunlight, wind, humidity, and temperature. But for a few decades, this climate change is happening so fast that animals and plants are finding it difficult to adjust to it.
Global Warming Causes
We ourselves are the biggest cause of global warming. We, humans, are constantly exploiting nature to fulfill our needs.
When we burn fossil fuels like coal, gas to generate electricity, run our vehicles, we ourselves create a lot of CO2 and spread it in our environment.
The main reason for the production of electricity is the formation of carbon dioxide. Most of the electricity is produced by burning coal. Due to which a lot of carbon dioxide is produced. After this, most of the CO2 is formed by burning the gases. Some renewable energy sources such as solar, hydro, and wind do not create carbon.
Australia is the country in the world that produces the most CO2 compared to all other countries. Compared to other countries, there is twice the production of CO2 per capita.
The arrangement of food is most important for human life. Every person makes arrangements for his food in some form or the other from these trees and plants. Some animals that humans eat also survive by eating trees and plants. For cultivation, trees and plants are cleared from the forests by cutting them in a very large area.
In order to make the land suitable for cultivation, people even set fire to the forests so that the land can be completely cleared. We all know that forest fires prove to be very terrible and cause a lot of damage to the environment as well as a lot of carbon dioxide is also released from this fire.
Every part of the earth has a population. People have to do agriculture so that they can grow grains like wheat, rice, and maize, etc. to supply their food items. But people do not think even once that it is also necessary to maintain balance. One cannot even imagine how harmful it is to burn forests like this. 1/5th of the greenhouse gas produced in global warming is formed due to deforestation.
In any case, the cutting of trees invites global warming. Due to the cutting of such a huge number of trees, the ratio of the carbon dioxide that trees absorb and the oxygen they release into the environment in return is becoming very different. Now carbon dioxide is increasing and oxygen is decreasing due to which this greenhouse gas pollution is spreading very fast in our atmosphere.
Today, everyone studies and works hard to get a job, but the population of the world is so high and it is not possible for everyone to do a job. Yet there is no shortage of companies producing the products. Today many companies have been formed to make every item. There is a very tight competition between several companies to make the same product. In this way, these companies consume a lot of energy in making such products and at the same time, they also generate CO2. Today there are such power generation companies whose chimneys continuously produce CO2 and other poisonous gases.
Rise of Automobile Industry
A large number of vehicles are being manufactured in the automobile industry. We can see this 2 wheeler and 4 wheeler vehicles running on the roads today. These vehicles emit smoke throughout the day on the roads, which spread a huge amount of pollution in the environment. The number of means of transport is increasing day by day, there is a competition among the people to buy new vehicles. In this way, to go anywhere in human life today, we use only vehicles which run either on petrol or by diesel. In this way, we ourselves are the reason for the pollution of the environment spreading throughout the day, who have started using these vehicles so extensively.
The continents we see today were formed with the origin of the Earth. They are constantly slipping due to ocean waves and wind flow. The movement of the ocean produces waves and airflow in the ocean. This is what causes changes in climate.
Whenever a volcano erupts, a huge amount of sulfur dioxide, water, dust, and ash particles mix in the atmosphere. Even though the volcano erupts only for a few days, the gases released from it affect the atmosphere for a long time. The gas and dust particles released from them block sunlight, which reduces the temperature.
Earth is tilted in its orbit at an angle of 23.5 degrees. When its inclination changes, the weather also changes. More inclination means more heat and less inclination means less amount of heat and the common cold. The ocean is a major cause of climate change. The oceans cover about 70 percent of the Earth’s surface. The ocean absorbs twice as much sunlight as the surface of the earth. A large amount of heat is spread all over the earth through sea waves.
Increase in Greenhouse Gases
The increase in the number of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide etc. in the atmosphere is the main cause of climate change. Modern lifestyle is the biggest reason for this because new factories are being set up to meet our needs, which are polluting air, noise, and water.
Their waste reaches the sea through the drains in the rivers, due to which the aquatic animals die. Motor vehicles cause air pollution. Trees are being cut to meet the requirement of paper and wood, which is increasing the greenhouse gases.
Global Warming Effects
Due to the global warming caused by the greenhouse effect, our earth has started seeing very bad consequences. For the last few decades, the temperature of our earth has increased by 1 degree Celsius, since the industries have expanded. Even though it takes a lot of work and small figures to see this, but even a small change in temperature becomes the cause of a big change in the climate. So let us now see how global warming can affect or have started affecting the earth, which we can feel from now on.
Sea level rise
The heat of the earth is increasing continuously. Due to this, the ice on the glaciers has also started melting. Due to the melting of ice, it is getting into the sea and increasing its volume. In this way, it is increasing the level of the sea. Due to which there is a danger of drowning the islands and cities of the level slightly below sea level.
We go to our work every day and pass our time while working. So while talking amongst you, you must be saying that it is very hot today. The reason for this is that global warming has made the earth so hot that the days are getting hotter. If you compare today’s days with 20-25 years ago, then you will definitely understand the difference.
Change in Whether
We used to see the cycle of the seasons earlier. This is completely out of balance today. Earlier, when people used to plant crops for farming, they used to get rain at the right time and in this way farming also became good. But today the weather was nowhere. When the rainy season comes, there is severe heat and there is torrential rain in the winter season, or in some years it does not appear to rain at all. Due to the change in the weather, now the farmers have started changing their profession. Many have even given their knees in front of the weather.
Deterioration in Human Health
Due to the warming of the earth, humans may have to face heat waves. Which can cause fever and even death. Especially those who are elderly people are most at risk of this. Due to high temperature and humidity, the chances of mosquito breeding increases, due to which the risk of mosquito-related diseases also increases.
How to Control Global Warming
- Awareness campaigns should be conducted by government agencies, business leaders, private sectors and NGOs etc. The work of awareness campaign will not be done by any one nation, it is necessary to do this work by every nation.
- Solutions should be made for harmful gases in vehicles and industries so that global warming can be reduced.
- All those things which harm the ozone layer should be banned. We have to stop it from growing by some measures.
- Vehicles which cause pollution should be banned. As much as possible, less polluting vehicles should be used so that pollution can be reduced.
- At least air-conditioner should be used in home and office. The CFC gases released from air-conditioners heat the atmosphere.
- More and more trees should be planted by stopping the felling of trees.
- Light bulbs should be used in place of normal bulbs.
- The things which cannot be destroyed should be reused with the help of recycling.
- Lights should be used sparingly. Lights should be used only when needed. Minimal use of electrical equipment should be done.Plastic packaging equipment should be used less.
- Clean fuel should be used as much as possible.
- Efforts should be made for water conservation and air conservation.
- We should minimise the emission of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and adopt those climate changes which have been happening over the years.
- Instead of electric energy, one should try to use pure and clean energy or use the energy generated from solar, wind and geothermal.
- The effects of global warming can be reduced by reducing the level of oil burning and use of coal, means of transport, and electrical goods.
- Population growth should be controlled.
Global warming is affecting our lives a lot. Along with this, people are being made aware of this all over the world. In today’s article, we learned what is global warming. Did you like this article and tell us by commenting? By the way, everyone should be aware of this and it should be understood for the whole world how big a loss is to cut a tree. How is human life depends on the environment and what is the role of trees and plants to maintain the balance of the climate. You must have understood this. I hope you liked this article. If you liked this article, then share it as much as possible on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. We took 4-5 hours to make the article, now you can like, share and subscribe to the channel by giving 1 minute.