In the second wave of Coronavirus, another worrying thing is coming out. Due to corona, people are falling prey to Mucormycosis. Mucormycosis have some symptoms. There have been many cases in Gujarat and Delhi where after recovery from corona people are falling prey to dangerous diseases like mucormycosis.
The disease of mucormycosis is so severe that a person needs ICU directly. If a person who is cured of corona succumbs to this disease, then due to lack of timely treatment, his life can also be killed. Last year, in the first wave of Corona, many people were infected with this disease. Some people lost their lives due to this, while some people lost their eyesight. Let us know what is mucormycosis and which people are more at risk.
What is Mucormycosis
Mucormycosis is a type of fungal infection that spreads very rapidly in the body. It is also called a black fungus. Mucormycosis infection can also occur on the brain, lungs, or skin. In this disease, many eyes lose light, while some patients have jaw and nose bones melted. If it is not controlled in time, it can also result in the death of the patient.
Experts on black fungus tell that this happens when a sick person takes Mucromycetes inside while breathing. It is present in the air itself and enters through the breath. This causes problems with the sinus cavity, lung cavity, and chest cavity. However, so far it has not been proven that it is related to the corona itself.
But experts say that this happens when a patient is completely dependent on medicines to recover. In such a situation it can be more dangerous for those who are already suffering from diabetes or any other disease.
How does Mucormycosis reach the body?
Most of the fungus present in the environment reaches our body through breath. If there is any kind of wound in the body or the body is burnt, then this infection can spread from there. If it is not detected in the initial stages, then the eyesight can go away, or the part of the body in which this fungus is spread, that part can rot.
This fungus can live anywhere in the environment, especially in ground and rotting organic matters. It is found in leaves, rotten wood and compost manure.
Mucormycosis symptoms include following signs-
- Redness or pain in the eyes
- Shortness of breath
- Blood in vomit
- Change in mental state
- Face pain nasal congestion
- Reduced eyesight or pain
- Cause confusion
- Swelling of cheeks and eyes
- Loose teeth
- The black crust in the nose
How to identify a black fungal or mucormycosis infection
When the black fungal or mucormycosis infection spreads, its effect or symptoms is visible on the face, due to which the face changes, in addition to the ability to sense as well as important organs. When the black fungal sits in the sinus cavity, showing its effect, it causes constant pain and headache.
If a person has a fungal infection, then the effect is first seen on the face. However, apart from this, its marks can be seen on other parts of the body.
Stages of Mucormycosis
Black fungus patients are now increasing rapidly. Just like there are three stages in cancer, in the same way, there are four stages in mucormycosis i.e. black fungus. But it is different in that it takes more than a month to get from one stage to another stage in cancer, but every five days in the mucor, the patient reaches the next stage and within 15 days, the patient reaches the last stage of the mucormycosis.
Mucormycosis Stage 1
This is the beginning of the fungus that occurs from the nose. In this, the virus remains in the nose.
Symptoms: colds, nasal congestion, nose bleeding, pain, swelling, and blackness on the face.
Mucormycosis Stage 2
In this, the fungus reaches the nasal sinus. A vein of the eye goes through the sinus into the brain, it blocks that too.
Symptoms: Eye pain increases, eyes start swelling, as well as eyesight starts to decrease.
Mucormycosis Stage 3
In this, the virus goes inside the eye. It can also go into the lungs as well.
Symptoms: The eye does not move, stops, which also stops the appearance. There may be a problem like a cough and stiffness in the lungs.
Mucormycosis Stage 4
In this, the virus goes into the brain.
Symptoms: In this, the patient starts unconscious, other mental problems also begin.
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Consequences of Mucormycosis
Mucormycosis On face
If you have this fungal infection, then you may have pain in the cheekbone. It can occur on one side or both, it is the initial symptom of this fungal infection. Later, due to this infection, many facial lesions can also be formed. Apart from this, this infection can also give rise to many other skin-related problems.
Mucormycosis On Eyes
Experts point out that as a black fungal infection engulfs a person, it can also affect their eyes. Due to this, swelling and vision of the eyes can also become weak. Apart from this, redness of the eyes is also one of the main symptoms of this fungal infection.
Mucormycosis On Brain
Experts point out that as a blanc fungal infection engulfs a person, it can also affect their eyes. Due to this, swelling and light in the eyes can also become weak. Apart from this, redness of the eyes is also one of the main symptoms of this Mucormycosis fungal infection.
If a person has inhaled fungal mold, it can be a very dangerous situation. It attacks the sinus cavity and nerves. Because of this, you may have to face severe headaches. Take such Mucormycosis symptoms seriously.
Mucormycosis On Nose
Symptoms of this fungal infection first appear on the face. If this infection happens to someone, initially black spots may appear near the eyes and nose. At the same time, if the problem is not treated in time, then the victim may have to lose teeth and jaws.
Which people are at greater risk for Mucormycosis
- Mucormycosis disease usually makes them fast prey to those people who have very little immunity.
- The immune system of patients who have been cured during or after corona is very weak. So they are easily caught in it.
- Mucormycosis can take dangerous forms in patients with diabetes, especially when the level of corona increases.
- Those who have cancer
- Who have their organ transplanted
- Those who have been using steroids for a long time
- Those who have a skin injury
- A premature baby can also have this.
How to prevent Mucormycosis
- Hyperglycemia means trying to control blood sugar levels.
- During oxygen therapy, use clean, sterile water in humidifiers.
- Monitor the blood glucose level in diabetes after discharge from Kovid.
- Use antibiotics or anti-fungal medicines judiciously.
- Do not go to construction sites and dusty areas
- Wear a mask
- Avoid visiting places where there is water leakage, where drainage water is collected.
- Those who have had corona should keep a positive approach. Even after the corona is cured, keep regular checkups.
- If you notice any symptoms of Mucormycosis, you should immediately go to the doctor.
- Due to this, this fungus will be caught in the initial phase and it will be able to be treated in time.
FAQ For Mucormycosis
This is a type of fungal infection that has severe consequences. The eyes of the patients of this disease lose their light, jaw and nasal bone are smelted and the patient’s brain is also damaged within 15 days. About 50 percent of patients suffering from this disease die. In such a situation, it is very difficult to save the patient if the symptoms of this disease do not catch up in the beginning.
This fungus does not spread from one patient to another, but how dangerous it is can be gauged by the fact that 54% of its patients die. This fungus destroys the area in which it develops. It can be avoided if treated on time.
This fungus can live anywhere in the environment, especially in the ground and rotting organic matters. It is found in leaves, rotten wood and compost manure.
Swelling on one side of the face, headache, sinus problems, black sores on the upper part of the nose which become severe soon and have a high fever.
The immune system of patients who have been cured during or after corona is very weak, so they are easily caught in it. Mucormycosis can take dangerous forms in patients with diabetes, especially when the level of coronas increases.
After recovery from corona, people are falling prey to a dangerous disease like mucormycosis. Mucormycosis or Black Fungus is treated with Amphotericin B, Posaconazole, Isavuconazole.
Black fungus is a rare but serious fungal infection caused by a group of fungi called mucormycosis. They have always been in the environment and can often be seen on rotting food.
Treatment includes a combination of medication and surgery. Some antifungal drugs can be used in the first step to kill the virus. In this case, it is advisable to contact the doctor as soon as possible to decide the right treatment.