Bonsai is a Japanese concept, due to lack of space in Japan, they developed an art called Bonsai. So in this article, we are going to talk about “How to Make Bonsai Tree at Home” Every person dreams of having a small garden in his house, which has his favorite plants, but the land has become so expensive that people are forced to live in small houses and flats. In such a situation, the dream of making a Garden for many people remains incomplete, but there is nothing to be disappointed in it. Such people can fulfill their wish by planting Manichar Garden and Bonsai tree in the house. Bonsai is the best concept for making a home Garden by taking it small.
By the way, the art of planting Bonsai tree is thousands of years old. This art belongs to Japan. Bonsai in Japanese means “dwarf plant”, in which plants are given an attractive appearance in miniature form. Talking about this modern era, now Bonsai trees are also being used for decoration and entertainment purposes. If properly taken care of, Bonsai can live comfortably for one hundred and 125 years.
How to Make Bonsai Tree at Home
You can make a Bonsai tree in 2 ways. It may take a long time to grow a bonsai from seed, so you start making bonsai from a small plant.
First carefully separate the plant from the soil and remove the soil at its roots. Now cut some of its stems and roots so that the plant fits into the bonsai pot. Keep in mind that while planting the plant, about one to two inches of soil from the edge of the pot should be free from the roots.
Now put soil in the pot and make a layer of soil 2-3 inches thick and keep the plant. Then spread the soil around the roots and press gently. After this, spread the gravel and the mound over the soil so that the pot becomes clean and tidy. After a few days, when the plant is well solidified in the pot, wrap a metal wire on its twigs and give it an original tree-like shape. By the way, some people also tie weight to bend down the twigs.
1. Regular straightforward method:
This method is used, to Make Bonsai Tree at Home. the tree grows upright and branches are made in a pyramid or round shape.
2. Irregular straight method:
These trees grow upwards, but the stem has many unbalanced curves.
3. Slanting method:
In this method, the trunk of the tree grows at an angle of 40 to the right or left of the root.
4. Forest or group planting method:
In this method from 1 to 15 saplings are planted, so that the view looks like a forest.
5. Bowing method:
In this method, a young plant with many branches is selected and the plant is tilted with the help of copper wires and applied in triangular pots.
In this method, to Make Bonsai Tree at Home the second stem is removed from the root of the tree.
7. Brooming method:
In this method, all the branches are tied with wire to make the tree bend, and care is taken that no one branch crosses the other.
Selection of plants for Bonsai
- The plant should tolerate harsh conditions.
- The life of the chosen plant should be for several years.
- Leaves, flowers, and fruits of plants are very beautiful to see.
- The plant does not attract insectivores.
It is different fun to maintain the tree and shape it according to your choice. You choose a tree that is good in shape and which after cutting and pruning can easily look beautiful to you. Keep in mind that if you want to grow the tree from seed, then you can control the growth of the tree at every step in the way you want. If you like to be looked after, then buy only developed trees. Bonsai is another method of cutting.
You can grow trees by planting cuttings in the soil separately. It does not take long to grow trees grown from cuttings instead of seeds. In this method also you can control the tree at the stage of growth.
Selection of Pots for Bonsai
Shallow pots are used for Bonsai. The height of a standard bonsai vessel is less than 25 cm and it has a volume of 2 to 10 liters. There are many types of pots like oval, circular, square, or square. The shallow pots should have 2 holes to drain the water. Apart from this, 4 more small holes should be made on the side of the pot, put the copper wire out of these four holes, which are above the half pot and half below the pot.
When doing this, when the roots are pruned, then it is convenient to remove the plant from the pot and after pruning the roots it is convenient to tie the plant with the pot. But when making Bonsai by leaning or half tilting method, choose deep pots, because the shallow flowerpot will be turned due to tilting of the plant.
Only water drains should be used to grow bonsai and these vessels may be of clay, plastic or wood. It is considered good to place a piece of coal to stop the soil at the place of water. The roots inside the vessel should not be curved nor should the roots be allowed to stick to the walls of the vessel.
For this, the roots should be cut from time to time with scissors. It is good to place the bonsai tree slightly out of the middle in the vessel. Soil for Bonsai: Soil for Bonsai should be brittle so that the water gets out easily. Red soil, dung manure or earthworm manure, sand and leaf rotten manure should be mixed in equal quantity in the pots.
Plant preparation: Plants are prepared to Make Bonsai Tree at Home by botanical methods, as it does not take much time to prepare such plants. Plants are also prepared by seeds, but it takes more time.
Transplanting time: Most species of plants are transplanted during the August months July.
Harvesting: Pruning is very important for Make Bonsai Tree at Home. Beautiful and attractive Bonsai are made by harvesting only.
When pruning, keep as many twigs as necessary and cut all the twigs. Regarding this, also keep in mind that when making bonsai of big trees like peepal, banyan, cut all the branches coming out from near the root. When a lot of bonsai is to be made, keep 2-4 branches more than that needed from the branches coming out of the root, so that if any branch gets spoiled, then the remaining branches can be shaped very much.
Transplanting again: The flowerpot or pot should be changed at regular intervals according to the condition and age of the bonsai tree. Usually, the plant grown in the nursery is removed from there and planted in a bonsai vessel. If the root of the pot or bonsai pot starts spreading on the soil or the hole under the pot starts to stop due to excessive drainage of the pot, then in such condition the flowerpot or pot should be replaced.
If the roots are not stopped from growing in time, the bonsai tree will grow bigger than the pot. The old roots absorb water and nutrients at a very slow rate or are unable to do so, so they should be cut and removed so that new roots develop which can absorb water and nutrients well. To transplant again, first carefully separate the plant, then remove the soil from the roots and then cut 75 percent of the roots from all four sides.
When cutting the main root, cut it diagonally. After this, plant the plant in the new pot with the help of wires and fill the soil according to the ratio mentioned earlier. After this, irrigate the plant. The cutting of roots keeps the shape of Bonsai trees under control. Cut large and thick roots and roots going towards the pot surface.
Just leave the mesh of thin roots on the upper surface. The tree draws water from the ends of the roots, so instead of 1 thick deep root in a small pot, the network of roots is better.
Manures and Fertilizers: For bonsai, dung manure, neem cake, groundnut cake, castor cake, and rotten manure leaves are good? Soak 1 kg of groundnut cake and neem cake in 5 liters of water and keep it for 1 month. Then it should be mixed with 5 times water and given to the tree 2 times a month along with a pinch of bone powder and single super phosphate.
Benefits of bonsai
- Bonsai is also a good employment. This can be well taken care of by housewives.
- Due to lack of space, trees which were not possible to be planted in the house, they can also be planted in our houses now.
- Bonsai is very beautiful and attractive. It beautifies the home.
- All crops get spoiled due to bad weather many times and farmers get harmed, but Bonsai can be saved from bad weather.
- Like other crops, fruits and vegetables, it does not have to be cut and sold on time.
- Due to spoilage of fruits, flowers and vegetables, many times farmers are not able to get the right price and for fear of spoilage, farmers sell them at low prices, but proper care of Bonsai increases its price year after year. is.
- Horticulture helps to keep stress away, but horticulture is not possible in cities, Bonsai is a good brocade.
- Elderly people, whose time is not cut, they can keep themselves busy by applying Bonsai.
- Bonsai is a good way for those farmers who have less cultivation area.
- If Bonsai will be planted in the house, the children of the house will also understand the importance of trees and will learn how to maintain them very easily.
The perfect trees for making bonsai
1. Evergreen Trees:
Pomegranate, Mango, Amalash, Akash, Neem, Banyan, Batal Brush, Kaner, Orange, Sycamore, Peepal, Banyan, Chiku, Zakrenda, Lychee, Pine, Kesia, Rubber, Neem, Lemon, Tamarind, Jamun and Fig, etc.
2. Autumn Trees:
Oak, Plum, Birch, Cedar, Fur, Pear, Adusa, Amla, Guava, Chinese Orange, Palash, Cedar, Champa, Cherry, Semal, Chinar, Shami, Semal, Gudahl, Boganvelia and Gulmohar et cetera.
3. Ficus religiosa
The specialty of Ficus religiosa (peepal) is that it releases oxygen for 24 hours. This tree is mostly planted in public or religious places. Ficus religiosa tree is very huge and by planting near the house it can damage the foundation of the house, but it is planted in the house in the form of Bonsai.
A Bamboo tree grows by digging inside the ground itself. Does it work as an electrical appliance? Where these trees are planted, there is less possibility of lightning fall.
Planting Basil plant makes the surrounding environment free of insects. The basil plant leaves an average of 10 trees of oxygen. This plant also has medicinal importance. Its leaves are used to make Ayurvedic medicines and to treat cough.
The medicinal value of this tree is very high. It is used to make about 300 medicines in Ayurveda. Its furniture and doors made of its girl never look termite. Its branch is used as a toothbrush. It purifies the environment around it, so it is considered good to apply around the house.
Use banana plant to decorate the wedding pavilion. Eating food on its leaves is considered good for health.
Planting Hibiscus plant anywhere in the house will give full benefit, but keep in mind that it gets the right sunlight.
Harsingar tree with small small flowers gives good aroma.
Important things for Bonsai
- Trees should be properly planted in the characters.
- While planting trees to Make Bonsai Tree at Home, there is no wind between the roots, so the tree should be pressed well.
- Keep the bonsai in the open air and keep in mind that sunlight should come from all around.
- Bonsai needs more water, so water it daily and give it until the water starts flowing from the vessel.
- Give Bonsai the same size and type as it naturally is.
- Do not tie the copper wires tightly or else the plant will be marked by wires.
Maintenance of Bonsai during winters: In winter, more attention is paid to Bonsai care, as Bonsai is planted in shallow containers and its roots are not buried under the ground like big trees. When the temperature is very low in the atmosphere, the bonsai should be kept inside the rooms. If it is not possible to keep it inside, first cover it with paper or cloth and then cover it with polythene from above.
When the temperature rises, remove the polythene. Maintenance of Bonsai during hot days: On hot days when the temperature of the day is very high, then let the Bonsai sunlight only in the morning and evening and keep it in the shade in the afternoon. These days there is a need for water, so do not let the plants lack water.
You may also like to read THE 9 BEST WAYS TO CONTROL DIABETES WITHOUT MEDICINE