joint pain

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Joint Pain – Causes, Symptoms And Treatement

Joint pain is mainly associated with the elderly, but for some time this problem is also being seen in the youth. Although people adopt all the methods to get it treated, but still they do not get relief from it. This is mainly due to lack of complete knowledge of joint pain, which is not tried to overcome. If you are also suffering from this problem, then you must read this article because in this we have given essential information related to joint pain.

What is Joint Pain

Joint pain is a common condition characterized by pain, discomfort, or soreness in one or more joints in the body. The joints affected are usually the knees, shoulders, neck, elbows, and hips. The intensity and duration of pain depend on the underlying cause. The pain is usually temporary and subsides on its own.

However, if the pain is due to an underlying medical condition such as strains, sprains, arthritis, osteoarthritis, bursitis, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer in the joints. This may then require long-term treatment or pain management.

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Joint Pain Symptoms

Some of the most common signs and symptoms associated with joint pain are:

  • Severe or moderate pain
  • Joint stiffness
  • Redness
  • Swelling in joint
  • Joint tenderness
  • Couple of heat
  • Joint deformity

Joint Pain Causes

This pain can result from a number of medical conditions. The most common causes of joint pain are:

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a condition that occurs when cartilage, the protective shock-absorbing cushion that surrounds the space between the ends of bones in a joint, wears away. It usually affects the joints of the hands, knees, wrists, and hips. Due to the breakdown of cartilage, the joints become stiff and painful. The condition usually affects people over the age of 40 and the risk increases with age.

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Rheumatoid Arthritis:

RA is a chronic inflammatory condition in which an overactive immune system attacks the body’s own tissues. The auto-immune disorder causes swelling, inflammation, and pain in the joints. Joints affected by RA (usually in the wrists and fingers) become deformed over time. The condition can strike at any age. Women are at higher risk of RA than men.

Gout

This is a type of arthritis associated with sudden and severe pain, swelling, tenderness, and redness in the joints. The condition occurs when there are high levels of uric acid in the blood. Excess uric acid often accumulates in the joints as sharp and needle-like urate crystals. It usually affects one joint (usually the big toe) at a time. The condition can affect people over 30 and men are at a higher risk of gout than women. However, the risk of gout increases significantly in post-menopausal women.

Tendinitis

This is a condition characterized by inflammation in the tendons (the fibrous connective tissue that connects bones and muscles). Tendinitis commonly affects the tendons in the knees, wrists, shoulders, elbows, and heels. In most cases, tendonitis causes pain. Sustains with medication, proper rest, and physical therapy.

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Bursitis

This is a painful condition caused by inflammation in the bursa (the fluid-filled sac around the joint). The shoulders, hips, knees, and elbows are commonly affected by bursitis. This is mainly due to repetitive and frequent movements.

Injury

Joint pain can also be caused by injuries such as a broken bone, sprain (rupture of ligaments that connect bones in a joint), or dislocation (displacement of one or more bones from their normal positions in the joint).

Other causes of joint pain include:

  • Adult Still’s disease
  • Movement in the joints of the spine – obstructive inflammation
  • Avascular necrosis
  • Arthritis in children of unknown cause
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Reactive arthritis
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Leukemia

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How to get relief from joint pain?

There are some remedies that can help in relieving joint pain. some of them are:

Home Care

Some chronic joint conditions such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis require long-term pain management. Here are some simple steps that can help you manage joint pain resulting from this type of chronic joint condition:

  • Stretch your joint to maintain range of motion.
  • Use a brace or wrap to protect your joint.
  • Maintain a journal and note down activities that trigger joint pain; avoid those activities.
  • Use an elastic wrap to compress the joint.
  • Rest regularly.
  • Apply a heat or cold compress to the affected joint for at least 15 minutes (do this several times daily).

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy can help restore the strength of the muscles around the joint, improve joint stability, and increase the range of motion of the joint. You can consult a physical therapist and opt for techniques such as ultrasound and electrical nerve stimulation to restore joint function and mobility. Similarly, you can also opt for an assistant (such as a cane or braces) to help ease your joint movement.

Weight loss

People who are overweight or obese have a higher risk of joint problems. Excess body weight can adversely affect existing joint conditions and make pain worse. To reduce joint pain, you should try to lose weight by leading a more active lifestyle and exercising regularly.

Moderate and low-impact exercise such as walking, swimming and cycling exercises can help you lose weight and improve joint mobility without putting extra strain on the joints. In addition, follow a diet that includes more vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, and whole grains. Limit your intake of high-calorie and processed foods, sugar, salt, alcohol, etc. Smokers should also try to reduce or quit smoking.

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Food to avoid during joint pain

There are certain foods that are known to increase the chances of inflammation and pain in the joints. Such foods are:

  • Fried and processed foods
  • Sugar and Refined Carbs
  • Dairy
  • Alcohol and tobacco
  • Salt and Preservative
  • Corn oil

Home remedies for joint pain relief:

There are several home remedies that one can resort to to treat joint pain:

  • Using hot and cold compresses is a common way to deal with most muscle and bone pains and can also work for joint pain.
  • Essential oils with anti-inflammatory properties during massage, or adding them to a diffuser can also help with joint pain.
  • You can use oils such as clove essential oil, rosemary essential oil, peppermint essential oil, clary sage essential oil, and lavender essential oil.
  • In addition, using herbal supplements can also help you manage joint pain.
  • You can use Gingko, Stinging Nettle, Devil’s Claw, or Thunder God Vine as needed.
  • Massaging regularly can also help you a lot.

Of course, it is advisable to consult your doctor before using any home remedies to prevent any kind of adverse effects. You can also consult with herbalist for the same reason.

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