high blood sugar


What’s High Blood Sugar Level, Symptoms & Causes

It is often seen in patients with diabetes that their blood sugar suddenly increases and decreases. Increasing sugar in the medical term is called hyperglycemia. According to experts, high blood sugar should not be left untreated. According to the American Diabetes Association, it can lead to heart disease, kidney disease, and many other problems. That is why experts believe that your blood sugar should be checked regularly so that you do not have to face any serious problems and in time you can control your blood sugar level.

What is high blood sugar?

High blood sugar is also known as hyperglycemia when blood sugar levels in the body increase and it affects people with type 1 and types 2 diabetes. Hyperglycemia is defined by some high levels of blood sugar such as fasting levels above 7.0 mmol / L or 126 mg / dL and two hours later levels above 11.0 mmol / L or 200 mg / dL.

High Blood Sugar Symptoms

Symptoms of high sugar or hyperglycemia are

  • Thirst
  • Vision problems
  • Abdominal pain
  • Increased appetite
  • Nausea
  • Drowsiness
  • Lethargy
  • Tiredness
  • Sweating
  • Confusion
  • Vomiting
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Weight loss
  • Coma
  • Frequent urination

Some of the other physical manifestations a person may experience if he or she has high blood glucose are:

  • Vaginal and skin infections
  • Stomach and intestinal problems such as diarrhea and constipation
  • Nerve damage resulting in cold and insensitive feet
  • Hair loss
  • Other erectile dysfunction may occur.

High Blood Sugar Causes

There can be several types of diabetes that can cause high blood glucose. Let us know what are the reasons for increasing blood sugar.

Type 1 Diabetes

In this, the cells of the pancreas that make insulin are attacked by the immune system, which causes a lack of insulin in the body, which leads to an increase in blood glucose levels.

Type 2 diabetes

Insulin is produced in the body but is not used properly by the body. This is produced in the pancreas but is not sufficient for the body. Insulin resistance in type-2 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes

It occurs during pregnancy when the body has insulin resistance and high blood sugar. Pregnant women should monitor it during pregnancy as it may cause discomfort to the mother and child. Gestational diabetes is cured after conception.

Cystic fibrosis

There is a link between cystic fibrosis and diabetes.


People who take steroids and some medications experience high blood glucose levels. Insufficient amounts of insulin treatment and morning hormone growth is also known as the Dawn phenomenon or Dawn effect.


Obesity is a serious problem, it should be seen as a disease because it causes many serious problems. Sometimes the cause of increasing blood sugar is also obesity, so if you want to keep your blood glucose under control then first of all control your weight.

Extreme stress

Excessive stress can also be the cause of many diseases. Excessive stress is a hormone released called cortisol that works to increase glucose in the blood, so people who have diabetes problems should stay away from stress. This can be dangerous for them.

Sedentary lifestyle

There are some people who wake up late at night and wake up late in the morning, the routine of such people is very bad, in such a situation they are neither able to exercise nor any activity, their lifestyle remains completely sedentary. In such people, the chances of increasing blood glucose increase.

Poor Diet

You must have seen that there are many people who do not pay attention to their food, often they are addicted to fast food, alcohol, cigarettes and many bad habits! While the amount of nutrients in their food is negligible. Such people should check their blood sugar regularly.

Routine Checkup Ignored

Those who have diabetes problem or blood glucose keeps on increasing or decreasing, they should not make excuses for a routine checkup. People who do this often have increased blood sugar. Actually, this can also happen by ignoring routine checkups!

How to Control Blood Sugar

These are the things that can be done when blood sugar level is high:

Right diet

It is very important to have the right diet to control hyperglycemia. When you do not choose the right foods in your diet then it affects your blood sugar! You should consume fruits and vegetables in your diet as well as using dry fruits and some medicines.

Regular Exercise

By doing regular exercise, yoga, and meditation, your body and mind become healthy. If you are also mentally healthy then its positive effect is your blood sugar remains controlled.

Routine Checkup

If you have diabetes and want to keep your blood glucose under control, then you should check your blood sugar regularly so that you can control it on time, as well as seek medical advice from time to time.

Stress Free Lifestyle

It is very important to have a stress-free lifestyle to control blood glucose, if you take more stress then your blood glucose can go out of your control, for this you should think positively and do regular exercise.

Some Home Remedies

There are some home remedies to control blood glucose like bitter gourd juice berries, fenugreek, etc. These are some of the home remedies through which blood sugar can be maintained.

Monitoring Blood Sugar Level Closely

If a person has high levels of diabetes, they should monitor their blood glucose level every hour or it may happen 5-6 times a day. Doing this helps maintain blood sugar levels.

Reducing Carbohydrate Intake

Carbohydrate intake should be reduced in the diet as it reduces blood glucose levels. Instead, a high protein diet should be taken which keeps blood sugar normal.

Choosing Low Glycemic Index Food

To keep blood glucose levels normal, low glycemic food should be eaten. These are some foods: sweet potato, quinoa, legumes, low-fat milk, nuts and seeds, green leafy vegetables, fish, and meat.

Increasing Dietary Fiber Intake

Fibers play a very important role in maintaining blood glucose levels as they slow down the rate of carbohydrates in the body. Thus the rate of absorption of sugar in the body also slows down.

Maintaining a Healthy Weight

Losing weight also reduces the level of diabetes in the body because losing weight also reduces the level of insulin in the body. If a diabetic person is at normal weight then they reduce the chance of diabetes.

High Blood Sugar Treatment

Depending on the amount of blood glucose present in the blood, there may be different approaches to the treatment of high sugar.

Normal Blood Sugar Level

If a blood test shows that the level of glucose is slightly higher than normal, then the person should exercise regularly, drink more water or sugar-free drinks, regularly monitor blood glucose levels, and if the doctor recommended, consider also injecting additional insulin.

If we talk about normal sugar, the amount of sugar is usually between 70-110 when we are hungry. After half an hour of eating, this quantity increases to 110-140.

Blood Sugar Level Moderate to High

If blood glucose levels are moderately high, a person should avoid any strenuous activity, avoid drinks that contain sugar, inject extra insulin, watch blood-glucose test results regularly, blood sugar Monitor the levels regularly and try to find the root cause of it.

Blood Sugar Level Dangerously High

If blood sugar levels are dangerously high, a doctor should be consulted immediately. The person should follow the rest of the guidelines if he has a slight decrease in blood glucose levels. However, ketone levels are tested when recommended by a doctor.

A healthy person who has not eaten anything for the past 8 hours has a normal blood sugar level of between 70–99 mg/dl. At the same time, it increases to 140 mg/dl after eating food. Different person’s sugar level is different. If your sugar level is higher or lower than this amount, a doctor should be consulted immediately. 13-Mar-2021

Severe Hyperglycemia

If a person is suffering from severe hyperglycemia, there are a few treatments that can help address the condition. First, there is fluid replacement therapy under which the person receives fluids, either orally or until he rehydrates. Frequent urination can cause a person to lack excess fluid and hence this loss is offset with the help of fluid replacement therapy. This process also helps to dilute the excess glucose in the blood.

Low levels of insulin in people with hyperglycemia lead to low levels of multiple electrolytes. Thus electrolyte replacement therapy delivers electrolytes through the veins to keep the heart, muscle, and nerve cells healthy. Insulin therapy involves the administration of insulin through the veins. This reverses the processes that result in the formation of ketones in the body.

Diet For High Blood Sugar

Raw, ripe or roasted vegetables

These roasted vegetables add color to your food. You can add low-carb vegetables like onions, eggplant, mushrooms, Brussels sprouts, and zucchini. Dips can also be tried among those vegetables such as low-fat dressings, salsa, hummus, etc.


You can try different types of salads on a regular basis, such as bananas, spinach, chard, etc. All these greens are healthy, low carb and delicious. You can also use olive oil for dressing or even eat them with protein edible salmon.

Low Calorie Drink

It is always good to stay hydrated but the water of vegetables and fruits is always good for health. Thus lemon and cucumber can be added to water, which imparts a good taste.

Watermelon or Berries

Berries and melons are loaded with 15 grams of carbohydrates, healthy nutrients, and fiber. You can eat lemons and berries included with yogurt.

Whole Grains, High Fiber

You should choose your food carefully and stop overeating. Include dried beans, peas, and lentils in your diet.


Protein-rich food should be included in your diet. Such as cheese, eggs, meat, peanut butter, and celery sticks.

What not to eat when you have high blood sugar?

These meals need to be averted throughout excessive blood glucose.

Sweet Drinks

These types of beverages are not a good choice if you are diabetic as they increase the amount of sugar in the body at a very high rate and speed.

Trans Fat

This is one of the most unhealthy things a person with diabetes can eat. Although trans fats do not directly increase glucose levels in the blood, they can increase inflammation, abdominal fat, and insulin resistance, and also reduce good cholesterol levels.

White bread, pasta, and rice

All these foods are rich in carbohydrates and eating all these refined flour foods can increase the blood glucose levels in the body rapidly.

Fruit-flavored Yogurt

People suffering from diabetes should not consume fruit-flavored curd as it increases the blood glucose level in the body and they should eat plain curd which is good for the body.

Important FAQ’s

What is considered high blood sugar?

A healthy person who has not eaten anything for the past 8 hours has a normal blood sugar level of between 70–99 mg/dl. At the same time, it increases to 140 mg/dl after eating food.

What do you do when blood sugar is high?

When blood sugar is high drink plenty of water because it removes excess sugar from your body through the urinary tract. Control insulin in the body. For this, consult a doctor and take medicines on time.

What to eat for high blood sugar?

Sugar levels can be managed by eating drumstick vegetables. You can control diabetes easily by consuming the juice of drumstick leaves. Riboflavin is found in abundance in drumstick, due to which it can help in controlling blood sugar level.

What is a sugar tablet?

Sugar control 1mg / 500mg tablet belongs to the class of medicines known as SR anti-diabetic drugs. It is a combination of two drugs that effectively control the symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults. It helps in controlling blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.

What is normal blood sugar level?

If we talk about normal sugar, then usually the amount of sugar is between 70-110 when you are hungry. This quantity increases to 110-140 after half an hour of eating food.

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