back pain reasons

Back Pain image by NPS MedicineWise


Back Pain Reasons, Symptoms, Types, Treatment

Back pain can happen to any person because of many reasons, which get better on their own after some time. For this reason, most people do not take it seriously, but for some people, back pain becomes a problem and they have to face a lot of problems because of it.

In such a situation, when a person has back pain, then he should take necessary steps in the beginning so that it does not increase more. Although they take many steps for this, when they do not get relief in any way, then they look for another effective way. If you or any of your loved ones are troubled by back pain, then you must read this article because in this we have given information about effective ways to get rid of back pain.

What is back pain

Back pain is also known as backache. When a person feels a stretch in the upper, middle, or lower part of the peat, it is called back pain. Although back pain gets better with rest or exercise, if a person does not get relief even by these methods, then she needs to seek medical help.

The lower part of the spine carries most of the weight of our body. Even when we bend, twist or lift heavy objects, all the weight falls on the lower part of the spine. When we sit in one place for a long time, the weight still falls on that place. Due to all the reasons, the muscles, tissues, and ligaments that support our spine are repeatedly under pressure. This type of injury is called stress injury. To avoid this, do not work continuously sitting in one place in the same position and keep taking some breaks. Keep changing your posture so that there is no stiffness in the muscles.

Back Pain Symptoms

  • Weight loss
  • Increased body temperature (fever)
  • Swelling in the waist
  • Persistent pain in the waist, and lying down or resting does not help
  • Pain radiating from the waist to the feet
  • Pain reaching below the knees
  • Recent back injury, shock, or trauma
  • Loss of control of urine
  • You urinate unintentionally (even in small amounts)
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Difficulty passing urine
  • Fecal incontinence
  • You lose control of your bowels (you pass stool unintentionally)
  • Numbness around the genitals
  • Numbness around the anus Numbness around the buttocks

Types of back pain

Depending on the area of ​​the back that is affected, back pain can be classified into three different types – cervical or neck pain, thoracic or mid back pain, and lumbar/coccydynia (tailbone or sacral pain) or back pain.

Lower back pain

The lower back is also medically referred to as lumbar or coccydynia (tailbone or sacral pain). This lumbar region affects the spine and surrounding areas such as the buttocks, upper thigh and groin areas. Lower back pain is the most common type affecting people.

Middle back pain

This affects the area between the cervical and lumbar region. It is also known medically as thoracic pain and is a common form of back pain.

Upper Back Pain

Upper back pain affects the cervical region ie the spine and neck. It causes stiffness and discomfort in the neck and shoulder region. Slouching, wrong body posture while sleeping are the major causes of cervical pain.

Back Pain Reasons

There are many reasons for back pain; About 98% of all back pain has no serious medical pathology, while less than 2% of all back pain is due to serious infection and metastatic cancer.

Sleeping on a soft mattress

Sleeping on too much soft mattresses also spoils the position of the spine, which is one of the reasons for back pain. Many people like to sleep on a soft mattress because of the convenience, but it can also cause back pain. In such a situation, do not use a soft mattress. Change your sleeping mattress from today itself.

Sit wrongly

Sit wrongly can also make you a patient of back pain. Many times you do not pay attention to the position of your body while watching TV at home or while playing your laptop-phone and you keep sitting wrongly for a long time. It can also cause back pain. If you want to avoid the unbearable pain of the waist, then you have to sit properly.

Sitting in the same position

If you sit in the same position for a long time, there may be pain in your back. This is one of the biggest reasons for back pain. Most people sit in the same position in front of a computer in the office for hours. Due to which their spinal cord becomes stiff and there is pain in it. Quit this habit from today and reduce one cause of back pain.

Lifting heavyweights

Often you lift a bucket or heavy bag filled with water, at that time you lift it but slowly it can be one of the reasons for back pain. First of all, avoid lifting heavy things or else lift them with one hand and lift any heavy things in the right way. By the way, you should avoid lifting heavy things from today itself.

Exercise the wrong

Many people exercise incorrectly in the gym or at home, which causes backache. Doing yoga is very beneficial for your health, but many people use the wrong method while doing yoga or stretching, which can also cause back pain. Whenever you exercise, do it under the supervision of an experienced person.


Stress is one of the reasons for back pain. When we are under stress, our muscles get stiff. Especially the muscles of the neck and upper back are most affected by tension. Due to the stiffness of the back muscles, our back starts hurting. You must have noticed, whenever you are stressed, the first problem starts in the back. For people who have the problem of back pain, if they are stressed for a long time, then the problem of back pain increases, so the mind should be protected from getting stressed.

New Techniques

People who are busy in their phone or tab for many hours a day, they have text neck health problem. Since they have their necks bent down while working on the phone or tab. This puts extra weight on their spine. Initially, they do not realize it, but this habit gradually starts affecting their posture, and back pain starts. Staying on the screen day and night causes problems not only in your eyes but also in other parts of the body.

Disease According to The Symptoms of Back Pain

There can be many reasons for back pain and these are the signs of these diseases:-

Ulcerative Colitis

This inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by persistent inflammation in the large intestine, also known as the colon or Ulcerative Colitis. Repeated abdominal cramps from ulcerative colitis can cause low back pain. Other symptoms include chronic digestive problems such as rectal pain, weight loss, and fatigue.

Gynecological disorders

In women, various reproductive organs located in the pelvis one of the reasons for lower back pain. For example, endometriosis is a common condition that can cause severe pain in the pelvic area, which may radiate to the lower back. Fibroids or tissue masses growing in and around the uterus, low back pain along with other symptoms such as abnormal menstruation, frequent urination.


Lower back pain and lower back pain are common during pregnancy as the baby develops. Many women find different pain management methods helpful, which may include rest, exercise and stretching, and complementary therapies.

Herniated lumbar disc

An intervertebral disc can herniate the left side of a vertebral segment, causing low back pain and sharp pain, which runs through the left hip and down the back of the left leg. Most often, pain in the left leg is worse than back pain.


Osteoarthritis usually affecting one or both facet joints at the back of the vertebra, resulting in stiffness, discomfort and dull pain. A bony protrusion on the left side of the lower spine can irritate the nerve roots, causing pain down the left hip and down the left leg.

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

Back pain can be caused by the sacroiliac joint. It can cause low back and pelvic pain on one or both sides of the body. If its normal range of motion is fractured. Too much movement in the joint may cause lower back pain and/or hip pain, which may radiate to the groin. Very low movement usually causes lower back pain that radiates to the buttocks or down the leg. Ankylosing spondylitis is often triggered by sacral joint pain.

How to Prevent Lower Back Pain

Generally, the effect of lifestyle also causes lower back pain. For this some changes in lifestyle are needed. like-

Correct Posture

Sit comfortably while sitting on the chair. The back needs to be supported by the chair. Your hand also needs to get support. Get up from the chair after every one hour, so that there is a change in the physical condition. Refresh the body by stretching in between workouts. Keep in mind that your workplace is comfortable, avoid sudden bending, keep the posture correct while sitting.

Keep these things in mind while working on computer

If you are working on a laptop and desktop, then the topmost part of these things should be at a 90-degree angle of your sight. At the same time, the mouse should also be at an angle of 90 degrees. Do not bend your neck while using the mobile phone, just keep your eyes down.

Walk on foot

Call any person on the go while calling. It is better to send a text message to someone in the office, go to his desk and talk. On this pretext, you will also take some steps.

Be careful when lifting weights

Do not sit completely down while lifting the weight. Allow the heavy object to come near your body and only then lift it. Failure to do so may result in back pain.

Healthy eating habits

The right eating habits not only help in maintaining a healthy weight but also reduces the extra pressure on the body.

The right way to sleep

You can reduce the pressure on your back by making simple changes in your sleeping pattern, the best way to sleep is to sleep on your side and keep a pillow between your legs.

Reduce mental stress

People really understand that stress increases the problem of back pain, yoga, meditation, deep breathing, etc. helps in relieving stress and keeps the mind calm.

Do not smoke

Smoking greatly aggravates the existing problem of back pain. Quitting smoking not only reduces the risk of back pain, but also helps ward off cancer, diabetes, and other lifestyle diseases.

Do regular exercise and yoga-

Yoga and exercise are the best ways to keep the body flexible and maintain good physical posture. Doing yoga regularly reduces stress and maintains the mental and physical health of the body as a whole.

Back Pain Treatment

Most chronic back pain gets better within a few weeks with home remedies. You may need to use over-the-counter pain relievers and warm compresses or ice. Bed rest is not recommended. Keep working as much as you can. Try to do light activities, such as walking and activities of daily living. Do not do things that aggravate the pain, but do not avoid working out of fear of pain. If home remedies are not helping you after several weeks, your doctor may suggest more effective medications or other treatments.

Depending on the type of back pain your doctor may suggest

Over-the-counter pain relievers

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs; NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen can ease cute back pain. If OTC pain relievers don’t give you pain relief, your doctor may suggest a prescription NSAID.

Muscle relaxants

If OTC pain relievers do not help with mild and moderate back pain, your doctor may also prescribe muscle relaxants.

Temporary pain relievers

These are creams, pastes or ointments that you rub on the area of ​​pain.


Some medications, such as codeine or hydrocodone, can be used for a short time under the strict supervision of your doctor.


Low doses of some antidepressants are used to relieve some types of chronic back pain.


If other measures do not relieve your pain, a cortisone injection is given. This helps reduce the swelling around the nerve roots, but pain relief usually lasts only a few months.

Physical therapy and exercise

Physical therapy is the cornerstone of back pain treatment. A physical therapist may use a variety of treatments, such as heat, ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and muscle relaxation techniques, to reduce pain to the muscles and soft tissues of your groin. As the pain improves, the doctor can teach you exercises that can increase your flexibility, strengthen your groin and abdominal muscles, and improve your condition. Regular use of these techniques can help prevent the recurrence of pain.


Some people require surgery for back pain, but this is very rare. If you suffer from leg pain caused by nerve compression or unbearable pain associated with increased muscle weakness, you may benefit from surgery. Otherwise, surgery is usually performed for pain related to structural problems, such as narrowing of the spine (spinal stenosis) or in the case of a herniated disc when normal therapy has not helped.

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